John Lyons, Miami University Lou Cain, Loyola University Chicago and Northwestern University Sam Williamson, Miami University Introduction In the 1950s a small group of North American scholars adopted a revolutionary approach to investigating the economic past that soon spread to Great Britain and Ireland, the European mainland, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan. What was first […]

The Economics of the Civil War

Roger L. Ransom, University of California, Riverside The Civil War has been something of an enigma for scholars studying American history. During the first half of the twentieth century, historians viewed the war as a major turning point in American economic history. Charles Beard labeled it “Second American Revolution,” claiming that “at bottom the so-called […]

The Use of Quantitative Micro-data in Canadian Economic History: A Brief Survey

Livio Di Matteo, Lakehead University Introduction1 From a macro perspective, Canadian quantitative economic history is concerned with the collection and construction of historical time series data as well as the study of the performance of broad economic aggregates over time.2 The micro dimension of quantitative economic history focuses on individual and sector responses to economic […]

The Economic Impact of the Black Death

David Routt, University of Richmond The Black Death was the largest demographic disaster in European history. From its arrival in Italy in late 1347 through its clockwise movement across the continent to its petering out in the Russian hinterlands in 1353, the magna pestilencia (great pestilence) killed between seventeen and twenty—eight million people. Its gruesome […]

The Economic History of Australia from 1788: An Introduction

Bernard Attard, University of Leicester Introduction The economic benefits of establishing a British colony in Australia in 1788 were not immediately obvious. The Government’s motives have been debated but the settlement’s early character and prospects were dominated by its original function as a jail. Colonization nevertheless began a radical change in the pattern of human […]

Historical Anthropometrics

Timothy Cuff, Westminster College Historical anthropometrics is the study of patterns in human body size and their correlates over time. While social researchers, public health specialists and physical anthropologists have long utilized anthropometric measures as indicators of well-being, only within the past three decades have historians begun to use such data extensively. Adult stature is […]

African Americans in the Twentieth Century

Thomas N. Maloney, University of Utah The nineteenth century was a time of radical transformation in the political and legal status of African Americans. Blacks were freed from slavery and began to enjoy greater rights as citizens (though full recognition of their rights remained a long way off). Despite these dramatic developments, many economic and […]

German Immigration and Servitude in America, 1709-1920

Published by EH.Net (May 2013) Farley Grubb, German Immigration and Servitude in America, 1709-1920. New York: Routledge, 2011. xxvi + 433 pp. $190 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-0-415-61061-2. Reviewed for EH.Net by Simone A. Wegge, Department of Economics, CUNY. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries Germans represented the largest non-English speaking group of immigrants in English North […]

Parasites, Pathogens, and Progress: Diseases and Economic Development

Published by EH.Net (May 2012) Robert A. McGuire and Philip R. P. Coelho, Parasites, Pathogens, and Progress: Diseases and Economic Development.? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2011. viii + 343 pp. $30 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-0-262-01566-0. Reviewed for EH.Net by John E. Murray, Department of Economics, Rhodes College. An old saw proposes that holding a hammer makes […]