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Sunday, 8:30 AM – 10:00     Session #12: The State for War and Growth Chair:  Kris Mitchener, Santa Clara University   Nicola Gennaioli (UPF) and Hans-Joachim Voth (UPF), “State Capacity and Military Conflict”   Mark Dincecco (IMT-Lucca Institute for Advanced Studies), “State Capacity and Long-Run Performance”   Gregg Huff (University of Oxford), “Financing Japan’s […]

English Poor Laws

George Boyer, Cornell University A compulsory system of poor relief was instituted in England during the reign of Elizabeth I. Although the role played by poor relief was significantly modified by the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, the Crusade Against Outrelief of the 1870s, and the adoption of various social insurance programs in the […]

Thomas Robert Malthus

David R. Stead, University of York The Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834) is famous for his pessimistic prediction that humankind would struggle to feed itself. Born in Wotton, Surrey, Robert Malthus (he preferred his second name) was the sixth child of Daniel and Henrietta, members of the English country gentry. After graduating from Jesus College, […]

Islamic Economics: What It Is and How It Developed

M. Umer Chapra, Islamic Research and Training Institute Islamic economics has been having a revival over the last few decades. However, it is still in a preliminary stage of development. In contrast with this, conventional economics has become a well-developed and sophisticated discipline after going through a long and rigorous process of development over more […]

Immigration to the United States

Raymond L. Cohn, Illinois State University (Emeritus) For good reason, it is often said the United States is a nation of immigrants. Almost every person in the United States is descended from someone who arrived from another country. This article discusses immigration to the United States from colonial times to the present. The focus is […]

Economic History of Hawai’i

Sumner La Croix, University of Hawai’i and East-West Center The Hawaiian Islands are a chain of 132 islands, shoals, and reefs extending over 1,523 miles in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Eight islands — Hawai’i, Maui, O’ahu, Kaua’i, Moloka’i, Lana’i, Ni’ihau, and Kaho’olawe — possess 99 percent of the land area (6,435 square miles) and are […]

The Economic Impact of the Black Death

David Routt, University of Richmond The Black Death was the largest demographic disaster in European history. From its arrival in Italy in late 1347 through its clockwise movement across the continent to its petering out in the Russian hinterlands in 1353, the magna pestilencia (great pestilence) killed between seventeen and twenty—eight million people. Its gruesome […]

Historical Anthropometrics

Timothy Cuff, Westminster College Historical anthropometrics is the study of patterns in human body size and their correlates over time. While social researchers, public health specialists and physical anthropologists have long utilized anthropometric measures as indicators of well-being, only within the past three decades have historians begun to use such data extensively. Adult stature is […]

The Economy of Ancient Greece

Darel Tai Engen, California State University – San Marcos Introduction 1 The ancient Greek economy is somewhat of an enigma. Given the remoteness of ancient Greek civilization, the evidence is minimal and difficulties of interpretation abound. Ancient Greek civilization flourished from around 776 to 30 B.C. in what are called the Archaic (776-480), Classical (480-323), […]

Money in the Medieval English Economy: 973-1489

Published by EH.Net (June 2013) Jim Bolton, Money in the Medieval English Economy: 973-1489.? Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2012.? xv + 317 pp.? $35 (paperback), ISBN: 978-0-7190-5040-4. Reviewed for EH.Net by John Munro, Department of Economics, University of Toronto. Embracing a most impressive range of research, cogently organized, penetrating in its analysis of all aspects […]