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Gerriets, M. Canadian Economic History
ST. FRANCIS XAVIER UNIVERSITY ECONOMICS 310: CANADIAN ECONOMIC HISTORY 1994-1995 SYLLABUS Instructor: Marilyn Gerriets, 314 Nicholson Hall, 867-2113 Texts: Kenneth Norrie, and Douglas Owram, A History of the Canadian Economy, (Toronto, 1991). Douglas, McCalla, ed. Perspectives on Canadian Economic History (Toronto: 1987). M.H. Watkins and H.M. Grant, Canadian Economic History:Classic and Contemporary Approaches, (Ottawa, 1993). Course requirements: Projects and debates 20% Term tests 20% Christmas examination 15% Major Essay 20% Final examination 25% Total: 100% COURSE OUTLINE I. The settlement of Europeans Norrie and Owram: 20-94 A. Approaches to understanding economic history M.H. Watkins, 'A Staple Theory of Economic Growth', from Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, 29 (1963), pp. 141-158, reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 19-38. H.G.J. Aitken, 'Myth and Measurement: the Innis Tradition in Economic History', Journal of Canadian Studies, 12 (1977), pp. 96- 107, excerpted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 39-50. B. The early Atlantic economy 1. The fishery Rosemary Ommer, '"All the Fish of the Post:" Resource Property Rights and Development in a Nineteenth-Century Inshore Fishery' 10, Acadiansis, (1981), pp. 107-23, reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 61-78. 2. Agriculture Rusty Bitterman, 'The Hierarchy of the Soil: Land and Labour in a 19th Century Cape Breton Community', Acadiensis, 18, pp. 33- 55. 3. The timber industry 4. Diversification Eric W. Sager and Lewis R. Fischer, 'Atlantic Canada and the Age of Sail Revisited', Canadian Historical Review 58:2 (1982), pp. 125-50, reprinted in McCalla, pp. 97-117. C. Central Canada 1. Fur and Quebec in the 17th and 18th centuries H.A. Innis, 'The Fur Trade in Canada' reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 53-60. 2. Agriculture and timber F. Lewis and M. McInnis, 'The Efficiency of the French- Canadian Farmer in the Nineteenth Century', reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 103-126. T.J.A. LeGoff, 'The Agricultural Crisis in Lower Canada, 1802-12: A Review of a Controversy',from The Canadian Historical Review, 55 (1974), pp. 1-31, reprinted in McCalla, pp. 10-36. Marvin McInnis, 'Marketable Surpluses in Ontario Farming, 1860' Social Science History, 4 (Fall, 1984), pp. 395-424 reprinted in McCalla, pp. 37-58. 3. Early diversification Angela Redish, 'Why was Specie so Scarce in Colonial Economies? An Analysis of the Canadian Currency, 1796-1830', Journal of Economic History, 44 (1984), pp. 713-28, reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 85-102. II. Government policy and industrialization A. Trade and tariffs in the Maritimes B. Trade, tariffs and railways in the Canada C. Industrial development before Confederation Paul Craven and Tom Traves, 'Canadian Railways as Manufacturers, 1850-1880', Historical Papers, (1983), pp. 254-81, reprinted in McCalla, pp. 118-143. III. Economic growth from Confederation to the 1920's A. The National policy Peter George, 'The Rates of Return in Railway Investment and Implications for Government Subsidization of the Canadian Pacific Railway: Some Preliminary Results', Canadian Journal of Economics, 1 (1968) pp. 740-62 reprinted in McCalla, pp. 144-165. B. The Wheat boom and industrial development K.H. Norrie, 'The Rate of Settlement of the Canadian Prairies, 1879-1911', Journal of Economic History, 35:2 (June 1975), pp. 410-27, reprinted in McCalla, pp. 168-81. Edward J. Chambers, and Donald F. Gordon, 'Primary Products and Economic Growth: An Empirical Measurement', The Journal of Political Economy, 74:4 (Aug. 1966), pp. 315-32, reprinted in McCalla, pp. 201-220. IV. Interwar economic disturbance A. The turbulent 1920's Buckley, K.A.H. 'Capital Formation in Canada, 1896-1930' reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 211-222. David Alexander, 'Economic Growth in the Atlantic Region, 1880-1940' reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 239-266. B. The depression D. Mole, 'Financial Development and Capital Formation' (Ph.D. University of Toronto, 1987), ch. 3, reprinted in Watkins and Grant, pp. 223-238. V. Post war prosperity Norrie and Owram, pp. 539-621. A. The business cycle and government stabilization policy David A. Wolfe, 'The Rise and Demise of the Keynesian Era in Canada: Economic Policy, 1930-1982', Modern Canada 1930-1980's edited by Michael S. Cross and Gregory S. Kealey, (Toronto, 1984), pp. 46-78. B. Resource based growth C. Manufacturing D. Trade and the Canadian economy